Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras is a splendid article of the philosophical standards, profound facts, and controls of yoga. It sorts out the controls into eight “appendages,” or classifications, of yoga practice. Explicit reflection strategies are not given; just sorts of controls are talked about. A large number of its sutras (apothegms) portray and remark on these practices. This immortal treatise by an illuminated yogi tends to the all inclusive human state of obvious division from God (avidya, not knowing the Incomparable Reality) and tells us the best way to defeat the psychological inclinations and hallucinations that keep us in this condition.
Like tree appendages, which rise in grouping, the principal controls start things out. As they create, develop and prove to be fruitful, the following ones are drilled. For instance, yama sets one up to practice niyama. Patanjali calls the last three components of niyama “kriya yoga” (“kriya” signifies activity). Marshall Govindan takes the position that these three components of kriya (or activity) yoga comprise the entire of Patanjali’s yoga. In any case, each of the eight appendages are examined in incredible detail in sections 2.30 through 3.8 of the Sutras and give an unquestionably progressively complete depiction of yoga.
In section 2.1, Patanjali says: “Kriya yoga comprises of tapas (grimness, self-control), svadhyaya (self-study), and Ishvara pranidhana (reverential give up to God).” (Note: The words in brackets are normally acknowledged interpretations of the Sanskrit expressions.) In the “eight-limbed” way, the kriya yoga practices of niyama go before asana (reflection act), pranayama (breath control), pratyahara (withdrawal of the faculties from their articles), dharana (fixation), dhyana (continuous, profound focus), and samadhi (unity with the object of contemplation). Hence, “kriya yoga” is in some cases deciphered “primer yoga.” Be that as it may, the first of the eight appendages, yama, comprises of five abstentions (don’ts), and the five components of niyama are observances (dos), so the kriya yoga practices of niyama can likewise be translated “activity yoga,” which suggests accomplishing something.
The accompanying remarks from Govindan’s book on the Sutras repudiate Yogananda and other illuminated yogis, who agree that the yoga of Patanjali is the “eight-limbed” way.
Foreword (xiv, xv) by G. Feuerstein: “… while Patanjali’s instructing has gotten for all intents and purposes compared with eight-limbed yoga (ashtanga yoga), he himself considered his way that of activity yoga (kriya yoga) in pada 2.1.” “The truisms in the Yoga Sutras managing the eight appendages seem to have been cited by Patanjali or therefore added to his content. There is no genuine acceptable clarification for why Patanjali utilized the name kriya yoga for his lessons.”
Presentation Section 2 (xxiii) by M. Govindan: “Feuerstein has called attention to, nonetheless, that Patanjali’s yoga was not the “ashtanga” or “eight-limbed” yoga, depicted in refrains 2.28 to 3.8, as has been normally suspected by generally interpreters. Printed investigation has uncovered that these sections were just cited from another obscure source.”
In actuality, Patanjali never considered his way that of activity (or kriya) yoga; not in refrain 2.1 (pada 2.1), nor in some other section, nor did he say it comprised of something besides ashtanga yoga. Also, in the event that he had cited the sections relating to ashtanga yoga, it would demonstrate that he concurred with them.
In Part Three of The Blessed Science by Swami Sri Yukteswar a yoga instructing that incorporates the acts of ashtanga yoga is introduced, yet it is fairly not quite the same as that of the Yoga Sutras and seems to speak to an alternate school of yoga. This outlines the standards, certainties and practices of yoga are all inclusive and can be found by yogis autonomously of one another. Obviously, two distinct individuals could never see, order or clarify these standards, facts and practices in the very same way, so except if sections 2.28 to 3.8 of the Sutras were arranged from different sources, they are the special making of a solitary individual. That individual gives off an impression of being Patanjali on the grounds that there is flawless understanding and agreement between these sections and different refrains in the Sutras.
With respect to the possibility that Patanjali’s yoga was not the eight-limbed way but rather just kriya yoga and that refrains 2.28 to 3.8 were either cited by him or included to his content later, the accompanying focuses ought to be considered. On the off chance that Patanjali had cited these sections it would imply that he concurred with what they state. One of them, section 2:29, states that yoga comprises of eight appendages, and different refrains examine every one of the acts of kriya yoga, regarding them as components of the subsequent appendage. Additionally, aside from the refrains about ashtanga yoga, which as indicated by Govindan and Feuerstein, didn’t originate from Patanjali, there are just two stanzas in the Yoga Sutras about kriya yoga. On the off chance that Patanjali’s way was kriya yoga and the sections relating to ashtanga yoga were included to his content later, we would anticipate that him should have dedicated multiple stanzas to depicting and remarking on his way.
As referenced previously, kriya yoga comprises of tapas, svadhyaya and Ishvara pranidana. The severities or self-controls of tapas include transcending in essence wants and suffering torment or inconvenience, by methods for assurance and will; “svadhyaya” signifies profound investigation of the idea of Oneself; and Ishvara pranidhana incorporates both dedication to God and acknowledgment of God’s will.
Refrains 1.23, 2.2, and 2.45 of the Sutras disclose to us that Ishvara pranidhana and kriya yoga lead to samadhi. Through reverential give up to God one transcends the impact of inner self, destructive wants, and fantasies, which obscure the psyche and shield one from knowing God. The heart’s regular love sparkles forward and brightens one’s inward life. One pursues the direction of Soul and practices the ethical controls of yama with more noteworthy determination. Not exclusively do the favors of yama come into one’s life, however also, the initial two phases of niyama normally emerge: one’s musings and body become progressively unadulterated and one discovers happiness inside. Through reverential give up to God, one in the long run turns out to be completely caught up in God. By and by, as indicated by the Yoga Sutras, appendages three through seven, rehearsed alongside the initial two appendages, additionally lead to samadhi, and each of the eight appendages establish yoga. (The seventh appendage of yoga, “dhyana,” is generally deciphered as “contemplation,” yet in present day, regular use “reflection” is frequently interpreted as meaning all or a few of the appendages that pursue niyama: expecting a reasonable stance, controlling breath and life power, pulling back mindfulness from objects of the faculties, quieting and centering the brain, profound focus on a specific part of God, and completely joining with God in delighted unity.)
In stanzas 3.16 to 3.54, refrains that Govindan and Feuerstein ascribe to him, Patanjali remarks on different elements of samyama, which comprises of dharana, dhyana, and samadhi. In light of the fact that his lessons incorporated these last, finishing appendages of ashtanga yoga, to be finished they should have likewise incorporated the five teaches that go before samyama and encourage its training. Since he never said his way was kriya yoga and in light of the fact that the refrains about ashtanga yoga depict what are commonly viewed as basic segments of yoga and fit in with his lessons in different pieces of the Sutras, it appears to be profoundly improbable that his way was kriya yoga as opposed to ashtanga yoga, and that these stanzas were cited by him or later on added to his content. They are a fundamental piece of his amazing treatise, consummately as per different axioms in the Sutras, and seem, by all accounts, to be his very own lessons.
George Johnston and his better half, Mary Ann, were hitched at Melody of the Morning retreat in the year 2000 and moved to Onekama, Michigan in 2016. Together they expound on lessons that have been gotten presently from Jesus, Yogananda and different bosses to manage us in our cutting edge universe of complex innovation and a consistently changing lifestyle, and to open our hearts and brains as we enter a period of more prominent profound mindfulness and comprehension of endless truth.